Jean-Philippe Teyssier, a landscape architect, takes us on a journey to discover the most beautiful gardens in the world. In this episode, nestled between the Atlas Mountains and the Djebilet desert, the Agdal garden is an oasis of more than 500 hectares surrounded by ramparts, next to Marrakech.
Gardens Near and Far ep. 2 – Agdal, Morocco
The Agdal Gardens (or Aguedal Gardens) are botanical gardens of around 400 hectares (4.0 km2; 1.5 sq mi) in surface area, located to the south of Dar El Makhzen, the Royal Palace, and the medina in Marrakech, Morocco. Their name derives from the Berber language for “walled meadow”. Extending for some 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), the gardens include groves of orange, lemon, fig, apricot and pomegranate trees in rectangular plots, linked by olive-lined walkways.
Together with the medina of Marrakech and the Menara Gardens, the Agdal Gardens were listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1985. The gardens were established in the 12th century by Abd al-Mu’min of the Almohad Caliphate. They served as an orchard. They were renovated by the Saadi dynasty and then enlarged during the reign of Moulay Abderrahmane in the 19th century, when they were enclosed with pisé walls.